top of page
Working from Home
“Don’t count the days,_edited.png
grammar_index
Laptop and Coffee

English Grammar.

Speak English with Anglo-Saxon!

Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

1. Countable and uncountable nouns.

g1
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

2. Negatives and questions.

1. Negatives with “not” or “n’t”.

 

1.1. I did not like the movie.

1.2. I didn’t like the movie. 

2. Questions by inversion of the auxiliary

 

2.1. Did you send the Email?

2.2. What time did you get home? 

g2
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

3. Possessive pronouns.

my → This is my car. (Possessive + object).
your → Where is your laptop?
his →  He can’t find his keys.
her → Her purse is in the car.
its → This city is beautiful. Its main attractions are the beaches.
our → Our reservation is ready.
your → Your taxi is waiting outside.
their → Their tools are in the warehouse. 

mine → This car is mine. (possessive without object).
yours → This is my laptop. Where is yours?
his →  These keys are his.
hers → This purse is hers.
its → Is this my cell phone battery? No, it isn’t. This is its.
ours → Your dinner is ready. Ours isn’t yet.
theirs → Theirs are in the warehouse. 

g3
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

4. Self.

g4
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

5. Adverb order.

1. Manner (How?) + Place (Where?) + Time (When?)

Examples:

1.1. Steve played the guitar well at the concert yesterday.

1.2. Mrs. Brown spoke wisely at the conference last weekend

2. Not always all the adverbs are present. Nonetheless, the adverb order has to be respected.

2.1. John was studying in the library last night.

2.2. The students worked silently last class

g5
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

6. Pronouns.

1. Subject pronouns (they are located before the verb).

I am studying English.
You are right.
He traveled to San Francisco.
She got the job.
It didn't work.
We studied all night.
You must think twice before making comments. 
They played well. 

2. Object pronouns (they are located after the verb).

This letter is for me.
Sorry, I forgot to tell
you.

Ethan invited her to the party.
This is box didn't belong to here so I sent
it to the warehouse.
Isabella invited
us to her wedding. 
Somebody sent
you a bunch of roses.
Tell
them to get back later, please. 

g6
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

7. Who, what, which.

1. Use “who?” with people.


A: Who is Paul Brown?
B: He is my boss. 


2. Use “what?” with direct questions.


A: What is your address?
B: It is 259 Borgoño Street.


3. Use “which?” to choose among people or things.


A: (At the parking lot) Which is your car?
B: Let me see. Over there! At the back.

g7
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

8. Too and enough.

1. too (muy) has a negative sense.

This soup is very hot / I can’t drink it. This soup is too hot (for me) to drink.

2. enough (suficiente) has a positive one.

He is very tall / he might be a volleyball player He is tall enough to be a volleyball player. 

g8
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

9. Some and any.

1. some is used in affirmative statements. 

1.1. Fortunately, Danny said she had some time to help me.

1.2. I have a gallon somewhere at home if you need some more paint.

2. any is used in negatives and questions.


2.1. Anne didn’t have any money at that moment.

 

2.2. Did you understand anything of what the teacher said?

g9
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

10. Either, neither, both.

1. Both addresses two things/people you like equally.

1.1. I like both hamburger and hot-dog. 

2. Either or means ‘one or the other’.

2.1. You can have either the orange or the apple.

3. Neither nor (negative) means ‘not one and not the other’. 

3.1. Neither this house nor the other has central heating. 

g10
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

11. Must / have to.

Resumen.

1. Usamos must para:

 

1.1. Expresar una obligación interna. Algo que uno se impone realizar.  

      I must wash my car. (You see it's dirty)

1.2. Expresar una generalización.

      I think we must study hard for the finals.

2. Usamos have/has to para expresar una obligación externa. Algo que no podemos evitar cumplir. Ejemplo: La ley, los contratos de trabajo, obligaciones legales contraídas con terceros, etc.

      I have to work from Monday to Friday. (My contract says so).

      My sister sometimes has to go to school in the afternoon. (It's part of her timetable).

      John doesn't have to work on the weekened.

      Susan: What do you have to do tomorrow?

      Roger: I have to work all day. Why?

g11
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

12. Mustn't.

Resumen.

1. Use mustn't to express prohibition.

1.1. You mustn't use my computer.

1.2. You mustn't read my Emails.

g12
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

13. Can and could.

Resumen.

1. Usaremos can y su negación can’t / cannot para expresar habilidad.

1.1. Oración afirmativa.

       Todd can surf well.

1.2. Oración negativa.

       Knox can’t swim well.

1.3. Oración Interrogativa.

       Can Neil play the drums?

2. Could, and its negative form couldn't / could not are the past and conditional of can. Use it for:

    a. Polite requests. → Could you open the door, please?


    b. Past ability. → My brother could run fast when he was 20.

g13
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

14. May / may not.

Resumen.

1. Usaremos may y su negación may not para expresar una posibilidad.

1.1. Oración afirmativa.

       The manager may travel to Texas next week. 

1.2. Oración negativa.

       The meeting may not be held tomorrow.

1.3. Oración Interrogativa.

       El auxiliar may no se usa en la oración interrogativa con la idea de posibilidad.

2. Might, and its negative form might not, are the conditional form of may. Use it for:

2.1. Possibility. → Companies might use electric vehicles for public transportation in the future.

g14
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

15. Should, ought to, had better.

Resumen.

1. Use should to give recommendation. A personal point of view.

1.1. You shouldn't smoke.

2. Use ought to when talking about things which are desired or ideal according to a standard or custom.

 

2.1. We ought to eat lots of fruit and vegetables every day.

3. Use had better to make suggestions about actions which may have consequences if they are, or are not, carried out.

3.1. It may rain tonight you had better take an umbrella (or you may get wet/sick/etc). 

g15
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

16. Present perfect & Present perfect continuous.

1. Use the auxiliaries have / has and a verb in the past participle form (speak-spoke-spoken).


1.1. Caroline has studied Psychology for three years.


1.2. John and Conny haven’t arrived yet.


Has Danny called up?

2. The Present Perfect expresses of an action which started in the past, continues at present and it goes into the future.
 

2.1. I have worked for this company since 2015. (The person started working in 2015, he/she still works there and will continues working at the same place for an undetermined time).
 

2.2. Isabella hasn’t seen Michael since lunch time.
 

2.3. Ethan hasn’t found his keys yet.

3. Use for with periods of time.


3.1. We haven’t received any news for two weeks.

 

4. Use since with a specific time.

 

4.1. I haven’t visited Alabama since 2010.

5. Use the Present Perfect Continuous to describe an action performed steadily from a near past until the present and a near future.

 

5.1. Anne has been working on the project all day.

5.2. The players have been training all the morning.

g16
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

17. Past perfect.

1. Use el pasado perfecto (había sido, había hecho, no había estado, etc) de la misma forma que lo usa en español.

2. Use the auxiliary had and its negative form hadn't / had not with all the persons and sentences. Also use a verb in the participle for.

 

2.1. Affirmative sentence.


2.1.1. Isabella had called you up three times before you arrived.

2.1.2. Caroline and Connie had already bought some bread.

2.2. Negative sentence. 

2.2.1. I hadn't been to Michigan before.

2.2.2. My friends hadn’t seen your paintings before.

2.3. Interrogative sentence.

2.3.1. Had you watched this movie before? 

2.3.2. Where had you been?

g17
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

18. Question tags.

Question Tags.

A very common device in conversations is that of making a statement and at once asking the listener to confirm it. In English this has to be practiced, as we have a variable form.

1. Positive statement / negative tag. (The same auxiliary repeats itself in the tag.)

1.1. He is here, isn't he? / 

1.2. You will come, won't you? / 

1.3. He came yesterday, didn't he? / 

2. Negative statement / positive tag(The same auxiliary repeats itself in the tag.)

2.1. He isn't here, is he?

2.2. You won't tell him, will you?

2.3. He didn't go, did he?

g18
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

19. The verb be.

g19
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

20. Present continuous.

Resumen.

 

1. Utilizamos el tiempo Present Continuous para acciones que están ocurriendo ahora (now).

 

2. Usaremos los auxiliares am, is y are (verbo estar) más un verbo terminado en -ing (terminación -endo, -ando).

 

2.1. Oración afirmativa.

 

        John is playing online now.

 

2.2. Oración negativa.

 

        Caroline and Cony are not watching a movie.

 

2.3. Oración Interrogativa.

 

        Are Danny and Anne studying at the library?

 

        What is Isabella doing at the bank?

g20
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

21. Present simple.

g21
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

22. Past continuous.

image.png
g22
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

23. Past simple.

g23
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

24. Comparative and Superlative Adjectives.

image.png
image.png
image.png

Watch the picture and choose the right alternative.

g24
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

25. Prepositions.

prepositions 1_edited.jpg
g25
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

26. The future tense.

Resumen.

1. Use will and its negative form will not/won't to express opinion, decision or promise for the future made at the time of speaking.


1.1. Opinion.


Joshua seemed interested on this project. I think he will give his best effort.
1.2. Decision at the time of speaking.


I can’t find any parking on the street and it’s getting late. I will leave the car in a parking lot.


1.3. Promise.


Don’t worry Matthew. I will send the documents you need at 4 pm.

2. Use going to for intentions, plans or predictions for the future (evidence is needed). Use the auxiliaries is, am, are for the affirmative, negative and interrogative forms.

2.1. Intentions.


I am going to finish my book next summer vacations. I will have a lot of time then.


2.2. Plans.


Ashley is going to sell her car to buy a new one.


2.3. Predictions.


Markets are going to fall if the crisis continues.

3. Use present continuous for certainty.


My family is arriving in Alabama tomorrow.

g26
Woman Working

GRAMMAR FLASHCARD

27. The.

Resumen.

1. We use the for names of seas, oceans, abbreviations, rivers, group of mountains and islands.

The Mediterranean sea.
The NASA.
The Mississippi river.

2. We use the for names of important buildings.

The White House.
The City Council.

3. Musical Instruments.

The piano, the drums, the violin.

4. To identify something.

Sophia lives in a blue house. (any blue house)
Sophia lives in the blue house. (that house)

5. Never use the with:

single islands, magazines, single mountains, abstract nouns and single lakes.

g27
bottom of page