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Negatives and questions

Regla general para hacer oraciones negativas y preguntas. 

1. La oración negativa se hace agregando “not” o “n’t” después del auxiliar.

1.1. I do not like horror movies.

1.2. Scarlett didn’t like the food. 

1.3. I can't swim well.

1.4. Daniel won't buy the car.

2. La pregunta se hace poniendo el auxiliar delante de la persona.

2.1. Did you send the Email?

2.2. Will you go to the party? 

2.3. Do you speak English?

2.4. Can Isabella dance ballet?

negativesandquestions

Countable and uncountable nouns.

Traducción: Variada. Uso: Cosas contable o medibles.

1. Countable nouns (se cuentan):

1.1. Twenty people attended the meeting.

2.1. The company has five trucks.

2. Uncountable nouns (se miden): 


2.1. I need some water. I'm very thirsty.

2.2. There is a lot of salt in the kitchen.

countableanduncountables

Who, what, which

Traducción: ¿Quién? ¿Qué/cuál? ¿Cuál? Uso: Preguntas y para unir oraciones.

1. Use “who?” with people.


A: Who is Paul Brown?
B: He is my boss. 


2. Use “what?” with direct questions.


A: What is your address?
B: It is 259 Borgoño Street.


3. Use “which?” to choose among people or things.


A: (At the parking lot) Which is your car?
B: Let me see. Over there! At the back.

whowhatwhich

Pronouns

Traducción: Variada. Uso: Pertenencia.

1. Subject pronouns (se ubican antes del verbo).

  1. I am studying English.

  2. You are right.

  3. He traveled to San Francisco.

  4. She got the job.

  5. It didn't work.

  6. We studied all night.

  7. You must think twice before making comments. 

  8. They played well. 

2. Object pronouns (se ubican después del verbo).

  1. This letter is for me.

  2. Sorry, I forgot to tell you.

  3. Ethan invited her to the party.

  4. This is box didn't belong to here so I sent it to the warehouse.

  5. Isabella invited us to her wedding. 

  6. Somebody sent you a bunch of roses.

  7. Tell them to get back later, please. 

pronouns

Possessive case

Traducción: Variada. Uso: Pertenencia.

Los siguientes posesivos requieren un objeto.

my → This is my car. (Possessive + object).
your → Where is your laptop?
his →  He can’t find his keys.
her → Her purse is in the car.
its → This city is beautiful. Its main attractions are the beaches.
our → Our reservation is ready.
your → Your taxi is waiting outside.
their → Their tools are in the warehouse. 

​----------------------------

Estos posesivos no requieren de un objeto.

mine → This car is mine. (possessive without object).
yours → This is my laptop. Where is yours?
his →  These keys are his.
hers → This purse is hers.
its → Is this my cell phone battery? No, it isn’t. This is its.
ours → Your dinner is ready. Ours isn’t yet.
theirs → Theirs are in the warehouse. 

possessivecase

Prepositions

Traducción: Variada. Uso: Tiempo y espacio.

Ver descripción. 

prepositions

Comparative and superlative adjectives.

Traducción: más que, lo más. Uso: Formas comparativas y superlativas.

1. Adjetivos comparativos. Se usan para destacar cualidades de personas, animales, objetos o situación en relación a otras similares.

1.2. The marathon runner's endurance was more remarkable than that of any other athlete in the race.

1.3. She ran faster than her friend during the sprint race.

2. Adjetivos superlativos. Se usan para decir que algo destaca por sobre el resto o tiene una característica única en su especie.

2.1. The Grand Canyon is one of the most breathtaking natural wonders on Earth.

2.2. That roller coaster is the fastest in the amusement park.

compsupadj
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